III. CARE OF THE PERSON
- Being able to dress and undress oneself is one of the major steps to
independence. To help children learn how to dress and undress themselves,
we provide frames on which all the different kinds of clothes fasteners
can be found. It is very difficult to practice buttoning your coat buttons
when you are wearing the coat, but if you have a frame with the buttons
on the table, you can see the buttonholes; you can practice on the frame
and when you learn to do them on the frame, it is not so difficult to do
them on your own coat.
- Wooden frames on which material is stretched on opposite edges. The
material is cut down the middle where various fasteners are attached.
- 1. Button frame with large buttons
- 2. Button frame with small buttons
- 3. Snapping frame with snap fasteners
- 4. Hook and eye frame
- 5. Buckling frame with buckle and strap (leather)
- 6. Bow tying frame
- 7. Shoe lacing frame (leather)
- 8. Zipper frame
- Follow a flexible sequence:
- a. Invite child.
- b. Show location of the frame.
- c. Show how to carry frame and how to set it on the table with no sound
- d. When presentation is finished and child wants to put frame away,
see that (s)he remembers where it is stored.
BUTTON FRAME (large, then small)
- Show the child how to undo the buttons all the way down, holding each
button in the right hand and the fabric next to the buttonhole with the
left hand. Tilt the button vertically so that it slips through easily.
Open fabric. Close fabric. Rebutton. The child practices unbuttoning.
- Hold the left edge of the button with left thumb and index finger and
push into buttonhole. With right thumb and index finger, grasp button;
left fingers hold right cloth. Both hands pull, left pulls cloth to the
left; right pulls button to right and through buttonhole. Repeat for all
- Demonstrate by placing left index finger and middle fingers under right
flap in each side of the snap. With right thumb under and first two fingers
over flap, hold and pull up and back. Open snaps this way. Open fabric.
- Place left fingers on each side of button snap, hold right flap with
right thumb, index, and middle fingers near snap, and point out the little
pin which will fit into the bottom snap. Fit pin into the bottom snap and
press with right index finger. Repeat for remaining snaps.
HOOK AND EYE FRAME
- Bring hook and eye close together. Left index finger pushes towards
hook at end of eye. Right thumb, index, and middle fingers hold right flap
near hook, and pull toward left. Lift right flap and free hook of eye.
Open other fasteners. Open and close flaps.
- Hold eye with left index finger. Right fingers and thumb bring hook
over eye and down. Pull back gently to show it is fastened. Repeat with
BUCKLING FRAME WITH BUCKLE AND STRAP
- Hold strap with left index and thumb and gently push toward right to
make a loop. Hold loop and pull through the bar with right fingers. Then,
still with right, pull end of strap very hard. Take pin out of hole with
left index fingers. Right hand pulls strap out of buckle, as left pulls
buckle away from strap. Open and close frame.
- With right fingers, push strap through buckle, then pull strap back
tightly. Put pin into hole. Push strap under bar with right hand and pull
through with left.
BOW TYING FRAME
- Untie all bows by pulling both ends slowly. Undo knots and lay ribbons
to each respective side.
- The following is a right handed presentation. The exercise will be
reversed for a left handed child. The teacher must know both techniques.
- Begin each step with the tie at the top of the frame. Carry step one
through to completion with each tie prior to proceeding to step two, and
- Lesson 1: Tying the Knot
- Step 1. Cross the ribbons (right at the top) keeping the ribbons straight.
- Step 2. Hold the top ribbon with the left hand and the bottom ribbon
with the right hand. Loop the bottom ribbon around the top ribbon and poke
the loop through with the right index finger. Grasping this loop with the
right hand, pull the ribbon through and smooth it out straight on the right.
- Lesson 2: Tying the Bow
- Step 1. When you think the child is ready, give the above presentation
or let the child do it, and proceed with the tying of the bow
- Step 2. Make a small loop with the left hand ribbon. Wrap the other
ribbon around this loop with the right hand and poke it through with the
right index finger to form a second loop that can be grasped by the left
hand. Transfer the right hand to the other loop .Pull these two loops gently
to right and left at the same time to form a flat bow.
- There is also a two loop method. Lesson one is the same. For lesson
two, make small loops with both ribbons. Holding one loop in each hand,
tie them in a knot.
SHOE LACING FRAME
- With frame on table with bow nearest you, untie bow as in bow frame.
Unhook left lace with left hand, bringing it over to the right side. Unhook
right side with right hand and lay it to left side. alternate left and
right, unlace rest of frame as above.
- Put one lace in the first hole from the underside up. The other lace
is placed through the first hole on the opposite side. The two ends are
put together and pulled to make them even. Cross the laces and put them
through the next holes from the underside to the top and pull out. Cross
the laces again and continue to the bottom of the frame.
- Use one hand to hold both edges of the fabric together (at the top)
as the other hand draws the zipper down.
- Use one hand to hold both edges of the fabric together (at the bottom)
as the other hand draws the zipper up.
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